The safety of products in circulation is at the centre of a complex legislative and regulatory system characterized by:
- National laws, adopted by individual countries and that are inherent in the textile products and footwear.
- Standards – ISO, CEN, UNI: many of these regulate the technical and quality aspects (physical standards, strength, etc.) And analytical methods to find out potentially hazardous substances could be present. In particular, the rule UNI / TR 11359 Safety management of textiles, clothing, footwear, leather and accessories, published in 2010 and carried out under the coordination of the Associazione Tessile e Salute, examines systematically the safety of textile products.
- Private requirements – brands and specifications: they are many as prepared by individual companies and are based on aggregate or Restricted Substances Lists RSL, specific lists of chemicals whose use is prohibited or allowed only with highly restrictive criteria. Specifications and private regulations, however, are many and sometimes diverge about the chemicals listed and the requirements of use.
In this complex scenario consumers are confused, they would like to have some clear and immediate information as well as companies find it hard to understand what to do.
In the processes of creation, manufacture and marketing of their products, firms must comply with the requested requirements of the legislative and regulatory system. The presence in the various regulations lists of substances and different limits for a single substance, creates a situation of disorientation and, nationwide, commercial inequality that put at a disadvantage European producers.
At the same time there is a growing demand for products that are safe and environmentally-friendly among the public opinion, thanks to campaigns by environmental groups against the policies of many global brands that offshore in the poor countries of Asia, without ensuring the processes are carried out in eco-friendly and ethical conditions.
In the agenda of the Associazione Tessile e Salute:
- protect the health of consumers;
- harmonize the requirements for commercial transactions;
- harmonize the requirements among the laws of different States;